This is an area where legal issues pertaining to family relationships are dealt with. This includes
matters related to divorce, child adoption, child custody, alimony, paternity, pre-nuptial agreement,
martial property etc. In India, the Indian family law deals with following categories of law,
Anglo-Hindu Law: Refers to law enacted during British times for Hindus, Shikhs, Budhists and
Jains at that time.
Christian law of succession in India: This is the family law for Christians in India.
Christian Personal Law: Marriages in Christians are governed under this law.
Goa civil code: This relates to the family law for the people of Goa.
Hindu Adoptions and Maintenance Act (1956): This describes the adoption rules for a Hindu
family and maintenance to various family members including wife, parents and in-laws.
Hindu Inheritance (Removal of Disabilities) Act, 1928: People who can inherit the properties
has been described in this act.
The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955: This details the laws that govern marriage among Hindus and
also separation and divorce.
Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act: This defines the relationship between adults and
minors and their respective property.
Hindu personal law: This applies to the law by which Hindus were governed under the British
rule, before independence.
Hindu Succession Act, 1956: It deals with the laws relating to unwilled succession among
Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs.
Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, 1856: This legalises the Hindu widow’s re-marriage
Jain Law: This is the family law for Jains in India.
Madras Devadasis (Prevention of Dedication) Act: This law made giving girls to temples as
illegal and if they were given earlier, this law made them eligible to marry.
Malabar Marriage Act, 1896: This allowed the members of any caste practicing matriliny in
Malabar region to register for a sambandham as marriage.
Marriage Laws Amendment Bill: This is an addition to the already existing marriage law
which allows the ‘irretrievable breakdown’ as an additional ground for seeking divorce.
Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017: Some amendments were made to the existing
maternity benefit laws such as increasing the period of paid leave, leave for adopting
parents, work from home option and crèche facility.
Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act 1936: This takes care of the marriages and divorce cases
among Parsi families.
Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005: This protects the women from
violence in the marriage and the scope of the violence was widened to include emotional,
verbal, sexual and economic, apart from physical.
Special Marriage Act, 1954: This provides a special form of marriage for all people residing in
the country or outside where the two parties follow different religion or faith.
Stridhana (dealing with women’s estate): A woman has all the rights over the property and/
or any object (gifted or acquired) and she can claim the same even after separation from her
The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005: This law gives same rights to the daughters
as to the sons in the case of parental property.